1. Nucleotide Sequence Databases 2. RNA sequence databases
3. Protein sequence databases 4. Structure Databases 5. Genomics Databases (non-human) 6. Metabolic Enzymes and Pathways; Signaling Pathways 7. Human and other Vertebrate Genomes 8. Human Genes and Diseases 9. Microarray Data and other Gene Expression Databases
10. Proteomics Resources
11. Other Molecular Biology Databases 12. Organelle Databases 13. Plant Databases 14. Immunological Databases


Table 1. Molecular Biology Database Collectiona


Database name

Full name and/or description


1. Nucleotide Sequence Databases
1.1. International Nucleotide Sequence Database Collaboration
1 DDBJ—DNA Data Bank of Japan All known nucleotide and protein sequences http://www.ddbj.nig.ac.jp
2 EMBL Nucleotide Sequence Database All known nucleotide and protein sequences http://www.ebi.ac.uk/embl.html
3 GenBank® All known nucleotide and protein sequences http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Entrez
1.2. DNA sequences: genes, motifs and regulatory sites
1.2.1. Coding and coding DNA
403 ACLAME A classification of genetic mobile elements http://aclame.ulb.ac.be/
30 CUTG Codon usage tabulated from GenBank http://www.kazusa.or.jp/codon/
480 Genetic Codes Genetic codes in various organisms and organelles http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/Utils/wprintgc.cgi
668 Entrez Gene Gene-centered information at NCBI http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=gene
495 HERVd Human endogenous retrovirus database http://herv.img.cas.cz
687 Hoppsigen Human and mouse homologous processed pseudogenes http://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/databases/hoppsigen.html
294 Imprinted Gene Catalogue Imprinted genes and parent-of-origin effects in animals http://www.otago.ac.nz/IGC
512 Islander Pathogenicity islands and prophages in bacterial genomes http://www.indiana.edu/~islander
343 MICdb Prokaryotic microsatellites http://www.cdfd.org.in/micas
707 NPRD Nucleosome positioning region database http://srs6.bionet.nsc.ru/srs6/
47 STRBase Short tandem DNA repeats database http://www.cstl.nist.gov/div831/strbase/
5 TIGR Gene Indices Organism-specific databases of EST and gene sequences http://www.tigr.org/tdb/tgi.shtml
48 Transterm Codon usage, start and stop signals http://uther.otago.ac.nz/Transterm.html
6 UniGene Non-redundant set of eukaryotic gene-oriented clusters http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/UniGene/
320 UniVec Vector sequences, adapters, linkers and primers used in DNA cloning, can be used to check for vector contamination http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/VecScreen/UniVec.html
302 VectorDB Characterization and classification of nucleic acid vectors http://genome-www2.stanford.edu/vectordb/
305 Xpro Eukaryotic protein-encoding DNA sequences, both intron-containing and intron-less genes http://origin.bic.nus.edu.sg/xpro/
1.2.2. Gene structure, introns and exons, splice sites
414 ASAP Alternative spliced isoforms http://www.bioinformatics.ucla.edu/ASAP
28 ASD Alternative splicing database at EBI, includes three databases AltSplice, AltExtron and AEdb http://www.ebi.ac.uk/asd
10 ASDB Alternative splicing database: protein products and expression patterns of alternatively spliced genes http://hazelton.lbl.gov/~teplitski/alt
639 ASHESdb Alternatively spliced human genes by exon skipping database http://sege.ntu.edu.sg/wester/ashes/
450 EASED Extended alternatively spliced EST database http://eased.bioinf.mdc-berlin.de/
667 ECgene Genome annotation for alternative splicing http://genome.ewha.ac.kr/ECgene/
631 EDAS EST-derived alternative splicing database http://www.ig-msk.ru:8005/EDAS/
34 ExInt Exon–intron structure of eukaryotic genes http://sege.ntu.edu.sg/wester/exint/
36 HS3D Homo sapiens splice sites dataset http://www.sci.unisannio.it/docenti/rampone/
238 Intronerator Alternative splicing in C.elegans and C.briggsae http://www.cse.ucsc.edu/~kent/intronerator/
46 SpliceDB Canonical and non-canonical mammalian splice sites http://www.softberry.com/berry.phtml?topic=splicedb&group=data&subgroup=spldb
746 SpliceInfo Modes of alternative splicing in human genome
580 SpliceNest A tool for visualizing splicing of genes from EST data http://splicenest.molgen.mpg.de/
1.2.3. Transcriptional regulator sites and transcription factors
231 ACTIVITY Functional DNA/RNA site activity http://wwwmgs.bionet.nsc.ru/mgs/systems/activity/
31 DBTBS Bacillus subtilis promoters and transcription factors http://dbtbs.hgc.jp/
663 DoOP Database of orthologous promoters: chordates and plants http://doop.abc.hu/
106 DPInteract Binding sites for E.coli DNA-binding proteins http://arep.med.harvard.edu/dpinteract
33 EPD Eukaryotic promoter database http://www.epd.isb-sib.ch
494 HemoPDB Hematopoietic promoter database: transcriptional regulation in hematopoiesis http://bioinformatics.med.ohio-state.edu/HemoPDB
516 JASPAR PSSMs for transcription factor DNA-binding sites http://jaspar.cgb.ki.se
700 MAPPER Putative transcription factor binding sites in various genomes http://bio.chip.org/mapper
40 PLACE Plant cis-acting regulatory DNA elements http://www.dna.affrc.go.jp/htdocs/PLACE
41 PlantCARE Plant promoters and cis-acting regulatory elements http://intra.psb.ugent.be:8080/PlantCARE/
563 PlantProm Plant promoter sequences for RNA polymerase II http://mendel.cs.rhul.ac.uk/
566 PRODORIC Prokaryotic database of gene regulation networks http://prodoric.tu-bs.de/
42 PromEC E.coli promoters with experimentally identified transcriptional start sites http://bioinfo.md.huji.ac.il/marg/promec
246 SELEX_DB DNA and RNA binding sites for various proteins, found by systematic evolution of ligands by exponential enrichment http://wwwmgs.bionet.nsc.ru/mgs/systems/selex/
227 TESS Transcription element search system http://www.cbil.upenn.edu/tess
756 TRACTOR db Transcription factors in gamma-proteobacteria database http://www.tractor.lncc.br/
345 TRANSCompel Composite regulatory elements affecting gene transcription in eukaryotes http://www.gene-regulation.com/pub/databases.html#transcompel
340 TRANSFAC Transcription factors and binding sites http://transfac.gbf.de/TRANSFAC/index.html
757 TRED Transcriptional regulatory element database http://rulai.cshl.edu/tred
49 TRRD Transcription regulatory regions of eukaryotic genes http://www.bionet.nsc.ru/trrd/
2. RNA sequence databases
229 16S and 23S rRNA Mutation Database 16S and 23S ribosomal RNA mutations http://www.fandm.edu/Departments/Biology/Databases/RNA.html
230 5S rRNA Database 5S rRNA sequences http://biobases.ibch.poznan.pl/5SData/
411 Aptamer database Small RNA/DNA molecules binding nucleic acids, proteins http://aptamer.icmb.utexas.edu/
232 ARED AU-rich element-containing mRNA database http://rc.kfshrc.edu.sa/ared
378 Mobile group II introns A database of group II introns, self-splicing catalytic RNAs http://www.fp.ucalgary.ca/group2introns/
463 European rRNA database All complete or nearly complete rRNA sequences http://www.psb.ugent.be/rRNA/
490 GtRDB Genomic tRNA database http://rna.wustl.edu/GtRDB
236 Guide RNA Database RNA editing in various kinetoplastid species http://biosun.bio.tu-darmstadt.de/goringer/gRNA/gRNA.html
76 HIV Sequence Database HIV RNA sequences http://hiv-web.lanl.gov/
689 HuSiDa Human siRNA database http://itb1.biologie.hu-berlin.de/~nebulus/sirna/
237 HyPaLib Hybrid pattern library: structural elements in classes of RNA http://bibiserv.techfak.uni-bielefeld.de/HyPa/
379 IRESdb Internal ribosome entry site database http://ifr31w3.toulouse.inserm.fr/IRESdatabase/
529 microRNA Registry Database of microRNAs (small non-coding RNAs) http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Software/Rfam/mirna/
380 NCIR Non-canonical interactions in RNA structures http://prion.bchs.uh.edu/bp_type/
381 ncRNAs Database Non-coding RNAs with regulatory functions http://biobases.ibch.poznan.pl/ncRNA/
705 NONCODE A database of non-coding RNAs http://www.bioinfo.org.cn/NONCODE/index.htm
240 PLANTncRNAs Plant non-coding RNAs http://www.prl.msu.edu/PLANTncRNAs
564 Plant snoRNA DB snoRNA genes in plant species http://bioinf.scri.sari.ac.uk/cgi-bin/plant_snorna/home
723 PolyA_DB A database of mammalian mRNA polyadenylation http://polya.umdnj.edu/polyadb/
242 PseudoBase Database of RNA pseudoknots http://wwwbio.leidenuniv.nl/~Batenburg/PKB.html
382 Rfam Non-coding RNA families http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Software/Rfam/
244 RISSC Ribosomal internal spacer sequence collection http://ulises.umh.es/RISSC
630 RNAdb Mammalian non-coding RNA database http://ncrna.bioinformatics.com.au/
245 RNA Modification Database Naturally modified nucleosides in RNA http://medlib.med.utah.edu/RNAmods/
43 RRNDB rRNA operon numbers in various prokaryotes http://rrndb.cme.msu.edu/
629 siRNAdb siRNA database and search engine http://sirna.cgb.ki.se/
247 Small RNA Database Small RNAs from prokaryotes and eukaryotes http://mbcr.bcm.tmc.edu/smallRNA
248 SRPDB Signal recognition particle database http://psyche.uthct.edu/dbs/SRPDB/SRPDB.html
754 SSU rRNA Modification Database Modified nucleosides in small subunit rRNA http://medstat.med.utah.edu/SSUmods/
383 Subviral RNA Database Viroids and viroid-like RNAs http://subviral.med.uottawa.ca/
249 tmRNA Website tmRNA sequences and alignments http://www.indiana.edu/~tmrna
250 tmRDB tmRNA database http://psyche.uthct.edu/dbs/tmRDB/tmRDB.html
251 tRNA sequences tRNA viewer and sequence editor http://www.uni-bayreuth.de/departments/biochemie/trna/
252 UTRdb/UTRsite 5'- and 3'-UTRs of eukaryotic mRNAs http://bighost.area.ba.cnr.it/srs6/
3. Protein sequence databases
3.1. General sequence databases
163 EXProt Sequences of proteins with experimentally verified function http://www.cmbi.kun.nl/EXProt/
542 NCBI Protein database All protein sequences: translated from GenBank and imported from other protein databases http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Protein
714 PA-GOSUB Protein sequences from model organisms, GO assignment and subcellular localization http://www.cs.ualberta.ca/~bioinfo/PA/ProteomeIndex.html
194 PIR-PSD Protein information resource protein sequence database, has been merged into the UniProt knowledgebase http://pir.georgetown.edu/
370 PIR-NREF PIR's non-redundant reference protein database http://pir.georgetown.edu/pirwww/pirnref.shtml
565 PRF Protein research foundation database of peptides: sequences, literature and unnatural amino acids http://www.prf.or.jp/en
197 Swiss-Prot Now UniProt/Swiss-Prot: expertly curated protein sequence database, section of the UniProt knowledgebase http://www.expasy.org/sprot
198 TrEMBL Now UniProt/TrEMBL: computer-annotated translations of EMBL nucleotide sequence entries: section of the UniProt knowledgebase http://www.expasy.org/sprot
775 UniParc UniProt archive: a repository of all protein sequences, consisting only of unique identifiers and sequence http://www.uniprot.org/database/archive.shtml
318 UniProt Universal protein knowledgebase: merged data from Swiss-Prot, TrEMBL and PIR protein sequence databases http://www.uniprot.org/
776 UniRef UniProt non-redundant reference database: clustered sets of related sequences (including splice variants and isoforms) http://www.uniprot.org/database/nref.shtml
3.2. Protein properties
221 AAindex Physicochemical properties of amino acids http://www.genome.ad.jp/aaindex/
729 ProNIT Thermodynamic data on protein–nucleic acid interactions http://gibk26.bse.kyutech.ac.jp/jouhou/pronit/pronit.html
280 ProTherm Thermodynamic data for wild-type and mutant proteins http://gibk26.bse.kyutech.ac.jp/jouhou/protherm/protherm.html
772 TECRdb Thermodynamics of enzyme-catalyzed reactions http://xpdb.nist.gov/enzyme_thermodynamics/
3.3. Protein localization and targeting
444 DBSubLoc Database of protein subcellular localization http://www.bioinfo.tsinghua.edu.cn/dbsubloc.html
375 NESbase Nuclear export signals database http://www.cbs.dtu.dk/databases/NESbase
376 NLSdb Nuclear localization signals http://cubic.bioc.columbia.edu/db/NLSdb/
704 NMPdb Nuclear matrix associated proteins database http://www.rostlab.org/db/NMPdb/
706 NOPdb Nucleolar proteome database http://www.lamondlab.com/NOPdb/
734 PSORTdb Protein subcellular localization in bacteria http://db.psort.org/
745 SPD Secreted protein database http://spd.cbi.pku.edu.cn
587 THGS Transmembrane helices in genome sequences http://pranag.physics.iisc.ernet.in/thgs/
589 TMPDB Experimentally characterized transmembrane topologies http://bioinfo.si.hirosaki-u.ac.jp/~TMPDB/
3.4. Protein sequence motifs and active sites
374 ASC Active sequence collection: biologically active peptides http://bioinformatica.isa.cnr.it/ASC/
203 Blocks Alignments of conserved regions in protein families http://blocks.fhcrc.org/
440 CSA Catalytic site atlas: active sites and catalytic residues in enzymes of known 3D structure http://www.ebi.ac.uk/thornton-srv/databases/CSA/
438 COMe Co-ordination of metals etc.: classification of bioinorganic proteins (metalloproteins and some other complex proteins) http://www.ebi.ac.uk/come
771 CopS Comprehensive peptide signature database
666 eBLOCKS Highly conserved protein sequence blocks http://fold.stanford.edu/eblocks/acsearch.html
206 eMOTIF Protein sequence motif determination and searches http://motif.stanford.edu/emotif
179 Metalloprotein Site Database Metal-binding sites in metalloproteins http://metallo.scripps.edu/
209 O-GlycBase O- and C-linked glycosylation sites in proteins http://www.cbs.dtu.dk/databases/OGLYCBASE/
717 PDBSite 3D structure of protein functional sites http://srs6.bionet.nsc.ru/srs6/
187 Phospho.ELM S/T/Y protein phosphorylation sites (formerly PhosphoBase) http://phospho.elm.eu.org/
193 PROMISE Prosthetic centers and metal ions in protein active sites http://metallo.scripps.edu/PROMISE
215 PROSITE Biologically significant protein patterns and profiles http://www.expasy.org/prosite
732 ProTeus Signature sequences at the protein N- and C-termini http://www.proteus.cs.huji.ac.il/
3.5. Protein domain databases; protein classification
622 ADDA A database of protein domain classification http://ekhidna.biocenter.helsinki.fi:8080/examples/servlets/adda/
204 CDD Conserved domain database, includes protein domains from Pfam, SMART, COG and KOG databases http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Structure/cdd/cdd.shtml
205 CluSTr Clusters of Swiss-Prot+TrEMBL proteins http://www.ebi.ac.uk/clustr
671 FunShift Functional divergence between the subfamilies of a protein domain family http://funshift.cgb.ki.se/
200 Hits A database of protein domains and motifs http://hits.isb-sib.ch/
207 InterPro Integrated resource of protein families, domains and functional sites http://www.ebi.ac.uk/interpro
208 iProClass Integrated protein classification database http://pir.georgetown.edu/iproclass/
561 PIRSF Family/superfamily classification of whole proteins http://pir.georgetown.edu/pirsf/
212 PRINTS Hierarchical gene family fingerprints http://www.bioinf.man.ac.uk/dbbrowser/PRINTS/
210 Pfam Protein families: multiple sequence alignments and profile hidden Markov models of protein domains http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Software/Pfam/
727 PRECISE Predicted and consensus interaction sites in enzymes http://precise.bu.edu/precisedb/
214 ProDom Protein domain families http://www.toulouse.inra.fr/prodom.html
216 ProtoMap Hierarchical classification of Swiss-Prot proteins http://protomap.cornell.edu/
567 ProtoNet Hierarchical clustering of Swiss-Prot proteins http://www.protonet.cs.huji.ac.il/
740 S4 Structure-based sequence alignments of SCOP superfamilies http://compbio.mds.qmw.ac.uk/~james/S4.shtml
217 SBASE Protein domain sequences and tools http://www.icgeb.org/sbase
218 SMART Simple modular architecture research tool: signalling, extracellular and chromatin-associated protein domains http://smart.embl-heidelberg.de/
219 SUPFAM Grouping of sequence families into superfamilies http://pauling.mbu.iisc.ernet.in/~supfam
220 SYSTERS Systematic re-searching and clustering of proteins http://systers.molgen.mpg.de/
199 TIGRFAMs TIGR protein families adapted for functional annotation http://www.tigr.org/TIGRFAMs
3.6. Databases of individual protein families
156 AARSDB Aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase database http://rose.man.poznan.pl/aars/index.html
308 ASPD Artificial selected proteins/peptides database http://wwwmgs.bionet.nsc.ru/mgs/gnw/aspd/
158 BacTregulators Transcriptional regulators of AraC and TetR families http://www.bactregulators.org/
364 CSDBase Cold shock domain-containing proteins http://www.chemie.uni-marburg.de/~csdbase/
653 CuticleDB Structural proteins of Arthropod cuticle http://bioinformatics.biol.uoa.gr/cuticleDB
658 DCCP Database of copper-chelating proteins http://sdbi.sdut.edu.cn/DCCP/en/index.php
160 DExH/D Family Database DEAD-box, DEAH-box and DExH-box proteins http://www.helicase.net/dexhd/dbhome.htm
161 Endogenous GPCR List G protein-coupled receptors; expression in cell lines http://www.tumor-gene.org/GPCR/gpcr.html
162 ESTHER Esterases and other alpha/beta hydrolase enzymes http://www.ensam.inra.fr/esther
464 EyeSite Families of proteins functioning in the eye http://eyesite.cryst.bbk.ac.uk/
166 GPCRDB G protein-coupled receptors database http://www.gpcr.org/7tm/
679 gpDB G-proteins and their interaction with GPCRs http://bioinformatics.biol.uoa.gr/gpDB
167 Histone Database Histone fold sequences and structures http://research.nhgri.nih.gov/histones/
169 Homeobox Page Homeobox proteins, classification and evolution http://www.biosci.ki.se/groups/tbu/homeo.html
293 Hox-Pro Homeobox genes database http://www.iephb.nw.ru/labs/lab38/spirov/hox_pro/hox-pro00.html
170 Homeodomain Resource Homeodomain sequences, structures and related genetic and genomic information http://research.nhgri.nih.gov/homeodomain/
366 HORDE Human olfactory receptor data exploratorium http://bioinfo.weizmann.ac.il/HORDE/
174 InBase Inteins (protein splicing elements) database: properties, sequences, bibliography http://www.neb.com/neb/inteins.html
518 KinG—Kinases in Genomes S/T/Y-specific protein kinases encoded in complete genomes http://hodgkin.mbu.iisc.ernet.in/~king
519 Knottins Database of knottins—small proteins with an unusual ‘disulfide through disulfide’ knot http://knottin.cbs.cnrs.fr
176 LGICdb Ligand-gated ion channel subunit sequences database http://www.pasteur.fr/recherche/banques/LGIC/LGIC.html
368 Lipase Engineering Database Sequence, structure and function of lipases and esterases http://www.led.uni-stuttgart.de/
524 LOX-DB Mammalian, invertebrate, plant and fungal lipoxygenases http://www.dkfz-heidelberg.de/spec/lox-db/
177 MEROPS Database of proteolytic enzymes (peptidases) http://merops.sanger.ac.uk/
369 NPD Nuclear protein database http://npd.hgu.mrc.ac.uk/
546 NucleaRDB Nuclear receptor superfamily http://www.receptors.org/NR/
182 Nuclear Receptor Resource Nuclear receptor superfamily http://nrr.georgetown.edu/NRR/nrrhome.htm
183 NUREBASE Nuclear hormone receptors database http://www.ens-lyon.fr/LBMC/laudet/nurebase.html
184 Olfactory Receptor Database Sequences for olfactory receptor-like molecules http://senselab.med.yale.edu/senselab/ordb/
185 ooTFD Object-oriented transcription factors database http://www.ifti.org/ootfd
188 PKR Protein kinase resource: sequences, enzymology, genetics and molecular and structural properties http://pkr.sdsc.edu/html/index.shtml
759 PLPMDB Pyridoxal-5'-phosphate dependent enzymes mutations http://www.studiofmp.com/plpmdb/
609 ProLysED A database of bacterial protease systems http://genome.ukm.my/prolyses/
192 Prolysis Proteases and natural and synthetic protease inhibitors http://delphi.phys.univ-tours.fr/Prolysis/
224 REBASE Restriction enzymes and associated methylases http://rebase.neb.com/rebase/rebase.html
195 Ribonuclease P Database RNase P sequences, alignments and structures http://www.mbio.ncsu.edu/RNaseP/home.html
573 RPG Ribosomal protein gene database http://ribosome.miyazaki-med.ac.jp/
575 RTKdb Receptor tyrosine kinase sequences http://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/RTKdb/
309 S/MARt dB Nuclear scaffold/matrix attached regions http://smartdb.bioinf.med.uni-goettingen.de/
741 Scorpion Database of scorpion toxins http://research.i2r.a-star.edu.sg:8080/scorpion/
372 SDAP Structural database of allergenic proteins and food allergens http://fermi.utmb.edu/SDAP
196 SENTRA Sensory signal transduction proteins http://www-wit.mcs.anl.gov/sentra/
373 SEVENS 7-transmembrane helix receptors (G-protein-coupled) http://sevens.cbrc.jp/
248 SRPDB Proteins of the signal recognition particles http://bio.lundberg.gu.se/dbs/SRPDB/SRPDB.html
314 TrSDB Transcription factor database http://ibb.uab.es/trsdb
399 VKCDB Voltage-gated potassium channel database http://vkcdb.biology.ualberta.ca/
202 Wnt Database Wnt proteins and phenotypes http://www.stanford.edu/~rnusse/wntwindow.html
4. Structure Databases
4.1. Small molecules
646 ChEBI Chemical entities of biological interest http://www.ebi.ac.uk/chebi/
261 CSD Cambridge structural database: crystal structure information for organic and metal-organic compounds http://www.ccdc.cam.ac.uk/prods/csd/csd.html
265 HIC-Up Hetero-compound Information Centre—Uppsala http://xray.bmc.uu.se/hicup
402 AANT Amino acid–nucleotide interaction database http://aant.icmb.utexas.edu/
111 Klotho Collection and categorization of biological compounds http://www.biocheminfo.org/klotho
113 LIGAND Chemical compounds and reactions in biological pathways http://www.genome.ad.jp/ligand/
615 PDB-Ligand 3D structures of small molecules bound to proteins and nucleic acids http://www.idrtech.com/PDB-Ligand/
735 PubChem Structures and biological activities of small organic molecules http://pubchem.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/
4.2. Carbohydrates
429 CCSD Complex carbohydrate structure database (CarbBank) http://bssv01.lancs.ac.uk/gig/pages/gag/carbbank.htm
652 CSS Carbohydrate structure suite: carbohydrate 3D structures derived from the PDB http://www.dkfz.de/spec/css/
486 Glycan Carbohydrate database, part of the KEGG system http://glycan.genome.ad.jp/
292 GlycoSuiteDB N- and O-linked glycan structures and biological sources http://www.glycosuite.com/
535 Monosaccharide Browser Space-filling Fischer projections of monosaccharides http://www.jonmaber.demon.co.uk/monosaccharide
300 SWEET-DB Annotated carbohydrate structure and substance information http://www.dkfz-heidelberg.de/spec2/sweetdb/
4.3. Nucleic acid structure
272 NDB Nucleic acid-containing structures http://ndbserver.rutgers.edu/
273 NTDB Thermodynamic data for nucleic acids http://ntdb.chem.cuhk.edu.hk/
387 RNABase RNA-containing structures from PDB and NDB http://www.rnabase.org/
283 SCOR Structural classification of RNA: RNA motifs by structure, function and tertiary interactions http://scor.lbl.gov/
4.4. Protein structure
413 ArchDB Automated classification of protein loop structures http://gurion.imim.es/archdb
255 ASTRAL Sequences of domains of known structure, selected subsets and sequence–structure correspondences http://astral.stanford.edu/
288 BAliBASE A database for comparison of multiple sequence alignments http://www-igbmc.u-strasbg.fr/BioInfo/BAliBASE2/index.html
257 BioMagResBank NMR spectroscopic data for proteins and nucleic acids http://www.bmrb.wisc.edu/
384 CADB Conformational angles in proteins database http://cluster.physics.iisc.ernet.in/cadb/
258 CATH Protein domain structures database http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/cath_new
259 CE 3D protein structure alignments http://cl.sdsc.edu/ce.html
260 CKAAPs DB Structurally similar proteins with dissimilar sequences http://ckaap.sdsc.edu/
442 Dali Protein fold classification using the Dali search engine http://www.bioinfo.biocenter.helsinki.fi:8080/dali/
385 Decoys ‘R’ Us Computer-generated protein conformations http://dd.stanford.edu/
447 DisProt Database of Protein Disorder: proteins that lack fixed 3D structure in their native states http://divac.ist.temple.edu/disprot
448 DomIns Domain insertions in known protein structures http://stash.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/DomIns
264 DSDBASE Native and modeled disulfide bonds in proteins http://www.ncbs.res.in/~faculty/mini/dsdbase/dsdbase.html
386 DSMM Database of simulated molecular motions http://projects.villa-bosch.de/dbase/dsmm/
452 eF-site Electrostatic surface of Functional site: electrostatic potentials and hydrophobic properties of the active sites http://ef-site.protein.osaka-u.ac.jp/eF-site
674 GenDiS Genomic distribution of protein structural superfamilies http://caps.ncbs.res.in/gendis/home.html
472 Gene3D Precalculated structural assignments for whole genomes http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/cath_new/Gene3D/
489 GTD Genomic threading database: structural annotations of complete proteomes http://bioinf.cs.ucl.ac.uk/GTD
322 GTOP Protein fold predictions from genome sequences http://spock.genes.nig.ac.jp/~genome/
360 Het-PDB Navi Hetero-atoms in protein structures http://daisy.nagahama-i-bio.ac.jp/golab/hetpdbnavi.html
498 HOMSTRAD Homologous structure alignment database: curated structure-based alignments for protein families http://www-cryst.bioc.cam.ac.uk/homstrad
267 IMB Jena Image Library Visualization and analysis of 3D biopolymer structures http://www.imb-jena.de/IMAGE.html
502 IMGT/3Dstructure-DB Sequences and 3D structures of vertebrate immunoglobulins, T cell receptors and MHC proteins http://imgt3d.igh.cnrs.fr/
268 ISSD Integrated sequence–structure database http://www.protein.bio.msu.su/issd
269 LPFC Library of protein family core structures http://www-smi.stanford.edu/projects/helix/LPFC
270 MMDB NCBI's database of 3D structures, part of NCBI Entrez http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Structure
456 E-MSD EBI's macromolecular structure database http://www.ebi.ac.uk/msd
331 ModBase Annotated comparative protein structure models http://alto.compbio.ucsf.edu/modbase-cgi/index.cgi
262 MolMovDB Database of macromolecular movements: descriptions of protein and macromolecular motions, including movies http://bioinfo.mbb.yale.edu/MolMovDB/
274 PALI Phylogeny and alignment of homologous protein structures http://pauling.mbu.iisc.ernet.in/~pali
275 PASS2 Structural motifs of protein superfamilies http://ncbs.res.in/~faculty/mini/campass/pass.html
557 PepConfDB A database of peptide conformations http://www.peptidome.org/products/list.htm
276 PDB Protein structure databank: all publicly available 3D structures of proteins and nucleic acids http://www.rcsb.org/pdb
277 PDB-REPRDB Representative protein chains, based on PDB entries http://mbs.cbrc.jp/pdbreprdb-cgi/reprdb_menu.pl
278 PDBsum Summaries and analyses of PDB structures http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/pdbsum
619 PDB_TM Transmembrane proteins with known 3D structure http://www.enzim.hu/PDB_TM/
719 Protein Folding Database Experimental data on protein folding http://pfd.med.monash.edu.au
282 SCOP Structural classification of proteins http://scop.mrc-lmb.cam.ac.uk/scop
284 Sloop Classification of protein loops http://www-cryst.bioc.cam.ac.uk/~sloop/
583 Structure Superposition Database Pairwise superposition of TIM-barrel structures http://ssd.rbvi.ucsf.edu/
585 SWISS-MODEL Repository Database of annotated 3D protein structure models http://swissmodel.expasy.org/repository
285 SUPERFAMILY Assignments of proteins to structural superfamilies http://supfam.org/
584 SURFACE Surface residues and functions annotated, compared and evaluated: a database of protein surface patches http://cbm.bio.uniroma2.it/surface
764 TargetDB Target data from worldwide structural genomics projects http://targetdb.pdb.org/
401 3D-GENOMICS Structural annotations for complete proteomes http://www.sbg.bio.ic.ac.uk/3dgenomics
310 TOPS Topology of protein structures database http://www.tops.leeds.ac.uk
5. Genomics Databases (non-human)
5.1. Genome annotation terms, ontologies and nomenclature
73 Genew Human gene nomenclature: approved gene symbols http://www.gene.ucl.ac.uk/nomenclature
487 GO Gene ontology consortium database http://www.geneontology.org/
389 GOA EBI's gene ontology annotation project http://www.ebi.ac.uk/GOA
513 IUBMB Nomenclature database Nomenclature of enzymes, membrane transporters, electron transport proteins and other proteins http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iubmb
514 IUPAC Nomenclature database Nomenclature of biochemical and organic compounds approved by the IUBMB-IUPAC Joint Commission http://www.chem.qmul.ac.uk/iupac
515 IUPHAR-RD The International Union of Pharmacology recommendations on receptor nomenclature and drug classification http://www.iuphar-db.org/iuphar-rd/
552 PANTHER Gene products organized by biological function http://panther.celera.com/
317 UMLS Unified medical language system http://umlsks.nlm.nih.gov/
5.1.1. Taxonomy and Identification
78 ICB gyrB database for identification and classification of bacteria http://seasquirt.mbio.co.jp/icb/index.php
297 NCBI Taxonomy Names of all organisms represented in GenBank http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/Taxonomy/
608 PANDIT Protein and associated nucleotide domains with inferred trees http://www.ebi.ac.uk/goldman-srv/pandit/
299 RIDOM rRNA-based differentiation of medical microorganisms http://www.ridom-rdna.de/
243 RDP-II Ribosomal database project http://rdp.cme.msu.edu
301 Tree of Life Information on phylogeny and biodiversity http://phylogeny.arizona.edu/tree/phylogeny.html
5.2. General genomics databases
7 COG Clusters of orthologous groups of proteins http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/COG
650 COGENT Complete genome tracking: predicted peptides from fully sequenced genomes http://maine.ebi.ac.uk:8000/services/cogent/
337 CORG Comparative regulatory genomics: conserved non-coding sequence blocks http://corg.molgen.mpg.de/
445 DEG Database of essential genes from bacteria and yeast http://tubic.tju.edu.cn/deg
451 EBI Genomes EBI's collection of databases for the analysis of complete and unfinished viral, pro- and eukaryotic genomes http://www.ebi.ac.uk/genomes
453 EGO Eukaryotic gene orthologs: orthologous DNA sequences in the TIGR gene indices http://www.tigr.org/tdb/tgi/ego/
70 EMGlib Enhanced microbial genomes library: completely sequenced genomes of unicellular organisms http://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/emglib/emglib.html
458 Entrez Genomes NCBI's collection of databases for the analysis of complete and unfinished viral, pro- and eukaryotic genomes http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=Genome
461 ERGOLight Integrated biochemical data on nine bacterial genomes: publicly available portion of the ERGO database http://www.ergo-light.com/ERGO
470 FusionDB Database of bacterial and archaeal gene fusion events http://igs-server.cnrs-mrs.fr/FusionDB
611 Genome Atlas DNA structural properties of sequenced genomes http://www.cbs.dtu.dk/services/GenomeAtlas/
484 Genome Information Broker DDBJ's collection of databases for the analysis of complete and unfinished viral, pro- and eukaryotic genomes http://gib.genes.nig.ac.jp
678 Genome Reviews Integrated view of complete genomes http://www.ebi.ac.uk/GenomeReviews/
75 GOLD Genomes online database: a listing of completed and ongoing genome projects http://www.genomesonline.org/
352 HGT-DB Putative horizontally transferred genes in prokaryotic genomes http://www.fut.es/~debb/HGT/
223 Integr8 Functional classification of proteins in whole genomes http://www.ebi.ac.uk/integr8/
112 KEGG Kyoto encyclopedia of genes and genomes: integrated suite of databases on genes, proteins and metabolic pathways http://www.genome.jp/kegg
528 MBGD Microbial genome database for comparative analysis http://mbgd.genome.ad.jp/
549 ORFanage Database of orphan ORFs (ORFs with no homologs) in complete microbial genomes http://www.cs.bgu.ac.il/~nomsiew/ORFans
551 PACRAT Archaeal and bacterial intergenic sequence features http://www.biosci.ohio-tate.edu/~pacrat
715 PartiGeneDB Assembled partial genomes for ~250 eukaryotic organisms http://www.partigenedb.org/
354 PEDANT Results of an automated analysis of genomic sequences http://pedant.gsf.de/
99 TIGR Microbial Database Lists of completed and ongoing genome projects with links to complete genome sequences http://www.tigr.org/tdb/mdb/mdbcomplete.html
66 TIGR Comprehensive Microbial Resource Various data on complete microbial genomes: uniform annotation, properties of DNA and predicted proteins http://www.tigr.org/CMR
311 TransportDB Predicted membrane transporters in complete genomes, classified according to the TC classification system http://www.membranetransport.org/
118 WIT3 What is there? Metabolic reconstruction for completely sequenced microbial genomes http://www-wit.mcs.anl.gov/wit3/
5.3. Organism-specific databases
5.3.1. Viruses
473 HCVDB The hepatitis C virus database http://hepatitis.ibcp.fr/
497 HIV Drug Resistance Database HIV mutations that confer resistance to anti-HIV drugs http://resdb.lanl.gov/Resist_DB/default.htm
168 HIV Molecular Immunology Database HIV epitopes http://hiv-web.lanl.gov/immunology/
365 HIV RT and Protease Sequence Database HIV reverse transcriptase and protease sequences http://hivdb.stanford.edu/
602 NCBI Viral Genomes Viral genome resource at NCBI http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genomes/VIRUSES/viruses.html
725 Poxvirus.org Poxvirus genomic sequences and gene annotation http://www.poxvirus.org/
750 T4-like genome database Sequences of T4-like bacteriophages from various sources http://phage.bioc.tulane.edu/
201 VIDA Homologous viral protein families database http://www.biochem.ucl.ac.uk/bsm/virus_database/VIDA.html
761 VIPER Virus particle explorer: virus capsid structures http://mmtsb.scripps.edu/viper
303 VirOligo Virus-specific oligonucleotides for PCR and hybridization http://viroligo.okstate.edu/
5.3.2. Prokaryotes
641 BacMap Picture atlas of annotated bacterial genomes http://wishart.biology.ualberta.ca/BacMap
614 MetaGrowth Growth requirements of bacterial pathogens http://igs-server.cnrs-mrs.fr/axenic/
720 PGTdb Prokaryotic growth temperature database http://pgtdb.csie.ncu.edu.tw/ Escherichia coli
415 ASAP A systematic annotation package for community analysis of E.coli and related genomes https://asap.ahabs.wisc.edu/annotation/php/ASAP1.htm
428 CyberCell database A collection of data on E.coli K12 intended for mathematical modeling to simulate the bacterial cell http://redpoll.pharmacy.ualberta.ca/CCDB
436 coliBase A database for E.coli, Salmonella and Shigella http://colibase.bham.ac.uk/
437 Colibri E.coli genome database at Institut Pasteur http://genolist.pasteur.fr/Colibri/
623 EchoBASE Post-genomic studies of Escherichia coli http://www.ecoli-york.org/
462 Essential genes in E.coli First results of an E.coli gene deletion project http://www.genome.wisc.edu/resources/essential.htm
482 GenoBase E.coli genome database at Nara Institute http://ecoli.aist-nara.ac.jp/
165 GenProtEC E.coli K12 genome and proteome database http://genprotec.mbl.edu
555 PEC Profiling of E.coli chromosome http://shigen.lab.nig.ac.jp/ecoli/pec
108 EcoCyc E.coli K12 genes, metabolic pathways, transporters and gene regulation http://ecocyc.org/
69 EcoGene Sequence and literature data on E.coli genes and proteins http://bmb.med.miami.edu/EcoGene/EcoWeb/
116 RegulonDB Transcriptional regulation and operon organization in E.coli http://www.cifn.unam.mx/Computational_Genomics/regulondb/ Bacillus subtilis
424 BSORF Bacillus subtilis genome database at Kyoto U. http://bacillus.genome.ad.jp/
89 NRSub Non-redundant Bacillus subtilis database at U. Lyon http://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/nrsub/nrsub.html
96 SubtiList Bacillus subtilis genome database at Institut Pasteur http://genolist.pasteur.fr/SubtiList/ Other bacteria
420 BioCyc Pathway/genome databases for many bacteria http://biocyc.org/
426 CampyDB Database for Campylobacter genome analysis http://campy.bham.ac.uk/
433 ClostriDB Finished and unfinished genomes of Clostridium spp. http://clostri.bham.ac.uk/
648 CIDB Chlamydia Interactive Database: gene expression data http://www.it.deakin.edu.au/CIDB
68 CyanoBase Cyanobacterial genomes http://www.kazusa.or.jp/cyano
521 LeptoList Leptospira interrogans genome http://bioinfo.hku.hk/LeptoList
534 MolliGen Genomic data on mollicutes http://cbi.labri.fr/outils/molligen/
733 PseudoCAP Pseudomonas aeruginosa genome database and community annotation project http://www.pseudomonas.com/
94 RsGDB Rhodobacter sphaeroides genome http://www.hgsc.bcm.tmc.edu/projects/microbial/Rsphaeroides/
762 VirFact Bacterial virulence factors and pathogenicity islands http://virfact.burnham.org/
760 Virulence Factors Reference database for microbial virulence factors http://zdsys.chgb.org.cn/VFs/main.htm
5.3.3. Unicellular eukaryotes
409 ApiEST-DB EST sequences from various Apicomplexan parasites http://www.cbil.upenn.edu/paradbs-servlet
439 CryptoDB Cryptosporidium parvum genome database http://cryptodb.org/
662 Diatom EST Database ESTs from two diatom algae, Thalassiosira pseudonana and Phaeodactylum tricornutum http://avesthagen.sznbowler.com/
446 DictyBase Universal resource for Dictyostelium discoideum http://dictybase.org/
72 Full-Malaria Full-length cDNA library from erythrocytic-stage Plasmodium falciparum http://fullmal.ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
328 GeneDB Curated database for various Sanger-sequenced genomes http://www.genedb.org/
698 LumbriBASE ESTs of the earthworm Lumbricus rubellus http://www.earthworms.org/
91 PlasmoDB Plasmodium genome database http://plasmodb.org/
586 TcruziDB Trypanosoma cruzi genome database http://tcruzidb.org/
359 ToxoDB Toxoplasma gondii genome database http://toxodb.org/
5.3.4. Fungi Yeasts
635 AGD Ashbya gossypii genome database http://agd.unibas.ch
617 CandidaDB Candida albicans genome database http://genolist.pasteur.fr/CandidaDB
645 Candida Genome Candida albicans genome database http://www.candidagenome.org/
441 CYGD MIPS Comprehensive yeast genome database http://mips.gsf.de/proj/yeast
483 Génolevures A comparison of S.cerevisiae and 14 other yeast species http://cbi.labri.fr/Genolevures
730 PROPHECY Profiling of phenotypic characteristics in yeast http://prophecy.lundberg.gu.se/
576 SCMD Saccharomyces cerevisiae morphological database: micrographs of budding yeast mutants http://yeast.gi.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
577 SCPD Saccharomyces cerevisiae promoter database http://cgsigma.cshl.org/jian
357 SGD Saccharomyces genome database http://www.yeastgenome.org/
25 TRIPLES Transposon-insertion phenotypes, localization and expression in Saccharomyces http://ygac.med.yale.edu/triples/
306 YDPM Yeast deletion project and mitochondria database http://www-deletion.stanford.edu/YDPM/YDPM_index.html
342 Yeast Intron Database Ares lab database of splicesomal introns in S.cerevisiae http://www.cse.ucsc.edu/research/compbio/yeast_introns.html
254 Yeast snoRNA Database Yeast small nucleolar RNAs http://www.bio.umass.edu/biochem/rna-sequence/Yeast_snoRNA_Database/snoRNA_DataBase.html
307 yMGV Yeast microarray global viewer http://www.transcriptome.ens.fr/ymgv/
763 YRC PDR Yeast resource center public data repository http://www.yeastrc.org/pdr/ Other fungi
425 CADRE Central Aspergillus data repository http://www.cadre.man.ac.uk/
435 COGEME Phytopathogenic fungi and oomycete EST database http://cogeme.ex.ac.uk
533 MNCDB MIPS Neurospora crassa database http://mips.gsf.de/proj/neurospora/
708 OGD Oomycete Genomics Database: ESTs and annotation http://www.oomycete.net/
98 Phytophthora Functional Genomics Database ESTs and expression data from P.infestans and P.sojae http://www.pfgd.org/pfgd/
5.3.5. Invertebrates Caenorhabditis elegans
430 C.elegans Project Genome sequencing data at the Sanger Institute http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Projects/C_elegans
238 Intronerator Introns and splicing in C.elegans and C.briggsae http://www.cse.ucsc.edu/~kent/intronerator/
570 RNAiDB RNAi phenotypic analysis of C.elegans genes http://www.rnai.org/
100 WILMA C.elegans annotation database http://www.came.sbg.ac.at/wilma/
304 WorfDB C.elegans ORFeome http://worfdb.dfci.harvard.edu/
51 WormBase Data repository for C.elegans and C.briggsae: curated genome annotation, genetic and physical maps, pathways http://www.wormbase.org/ Drosophila melanogaster
71 FlyBase Drosophila sequences and genomic information http://flybase.bio.indiana.edu/
767 FlyBrain Database of the Drosophila nervous system http://flybrain.neurobio.arizona.edu
670 FlyMine Integration of insect genomic and proteomic data http://www.flymine.org/
467 FlyTrap Drosophila mutants created using GFP protein trap strategy http://flytrap.med.yale.edu/
471 GadFly Genome annotation database of Drosophila http://www.fruitfly.org
677 GeniSys Enhancer- and promoter-inserted mutants of Drosophila http://genisys.kaist.ac.kr:8080/
774 DPDB Drosophila polymorphism database http://dpdb.uab.es/
449 Drosophila microarray project Data and tools for Drosophila gene expression studies http://www.flyarrays.com/fruitfly
509 InterActive Fly Drosophila genes and their roles in development http://sdb.bio.purdue.edu/fly/aimain/1aahome.htm Other invertebrates
410 AppaDB A database on the nematode Pristionchus pacificus http://appadb.eb.tuebingen.mpg.de/
643 BeetleBase Genome database of the beetle Tribolium castaneum http://www.bioinformatics.ksu.edu/BeetleBase/
649 Ciliate IES-MDS Db Macro- and micronuclear genes in spirotrichous ciliates http://oxytricha.princeton.edu/dimorphism/database.htm
434 CnidBase Cnidarian evolution and gene expression database http://cnidbase.bu.edu/
543 Nematode.net Parasitic nematode sequencing project http://nematode.net/
544 NEMBASE Nematode sequence and functional data database http://www.nematodes.org/
726 PPNEMA Plant-parasitic nematode rRNAs http://bighost.area.ba.cnr.it/PPNEMA/
743 SilkDB Silkworm Bombyx mori ESTs, mutants, photographs http://www.ab.a.u-tokyo.ac.jp/genome/
744 SilkSatDb A microsatellite database of the silkworm Bombyx mori http://www.cdfd.org.in/silksatdb/
747 SpodoBase Genomics of the butterfly Spodoptera frugiperda http://bioweb.ensam.inra.fr/spodobase/
6. Metabolic Enzymes and Pathways; Signaling Pathways
6.1. Enzymes and Enzyme Nomenclature
421 BRENDA Enzyme names and biochemical properties http://www.brenda.uni-koeln.de
109 ENZYME Enzyme nomenclature and properties http://www.expasy.org/enzyme
459 Enzyme Nomenclature IUBMB Nomenclature Committee recommendations http://www.chem.qmw.ac.uk/iubmb/enzyme
613 EzCatDB Enzyme Catalytic Mechanism Database http://mbs.cbrc.jp/EzCatDB/
508 IntEnz Integrated enzyme database and enzyme nomenclature http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intenz
716 PDBrtf Representation of target families of enzymes in PDB http://cgl.imim.es/pdbrtf/
758 SCOPEC Mapping of catalytic function to domain structure http://www.enzome.com/databases/scopec.php
6.2. Metabolic Pathways
644 BioSilico Integrated access to various metabolic databases http://biosilico.kaist.ac.kr/
112 KEGG Pathway Metabolic and regulatory pathways in complete genomes http://www.genome.jp/kegg/pathway.html
114 MetaCyc Metabolic pathways and enzymes from various organisms http://metacyc.org
115 PathDB Biochemical pathways, compounds and metabolism http://www.ncgr.org/pathdb
117 UM-BBD University of Minnesota biocatalysis and biodegradation database http://umbbd.ahc.umn.edu/
6.3. Intermolecular Interactions and Signaling Pathways
633 3DID 3D interacting domains: domain–domain interactions in proteins with known 3D structures http://3did.embl.de
405 aMAZE A system for the annotation, management, and analysis of biochemical and signalling pathway networks http://www.amaze.ulb.ac.be/
103 BIND Biomolecular interaction network database http://www.bind.ca
419 BioCarta Online maps of metabolic and signaling pathways http://www.biocarta.com/genes/allPathways.asp
422 BRITE Biomolecular relations in information transmission and expression, part of KEGG http://www.genome.ad.jp/brite
659 DDIB Database of domain interactions and binding http://www.ddib.org/
104 DIP Database of interacting proteins: experimentally determined protein–protein interactions http://dip.doe-mbi.ucla.edu
105 DRC Database of ribosomal crosslinks http://www.mpimg-berlin-dahlem.mpg.de/~ag_ribo/ag_brimacombe/drc
329 GeneNet Database on gene network components http://wwwmgs.bionet.nsc.ru/mgs/gnw/genenet
664 hp-DPI Database of protein interactions in Helicobacter pylori http://dpi.nhri.org.tw/hp/
688 HPID Human protein interaction database http://www.hpid.org/
507 IntAct project Protein–protein interaction data http://www.ebi.ac.uk/intact
770 Inter-Chain Beta-Sheets Protein–protein interactions mediated by interchain beta-sheet formation http://www.igb.uci.edu/servers/icbs/
510 InterDom Putative protein domain interactions http://interdom.lit.org.sg
718 PDZBase Protein–protein interactions involving PDZ domains http://icb.med.cornell.edu/services/pdz/start
749 Protein-protein interfaces Interacting residues in protein–protein interfaces in PDB http://home.ku.edu.tr/~okeskin/INTERFACE/INTERFACES.html
773 PINdb Proteins interacting in nucleus (human and yeast) http://pin.mskcc.org/
748 POINT Prediction of human protein–protein interactome http://point.nchc.org.tw/
616 PSIbase Interaction of proteins with known 3D structures http://psimap.kaist.ac.kr/
612 Reactome A knowledgebase of biological pathways http://www.reactome.org/
571 ROSPath Reactive oxygen species (ROS) signaling pathway http://rospath.ewha.ac.kr/
395 STCDB Signal transductions classification database http://bibiserv.techfak.uni-bielefeld.de/stcdb/
582 STRING Predicted functional associations between proteins http://string.embl.de/
341 TRANSPATH Gene regulatory networks and microarray analysis http://www.biobase.de/pages/products/databases.html
7. Human and other Vertebrate Genomes
7.1. Model organisms, comparative genomics
63 ACeDB C.elegans, S.pombe and human genomic information http://www.acedb.org/
26 AllGenes Human and mouse gene, transcript and protein annotation http://www.allgenes.org/
65 ArkDB Genome databases for farm and other animals http://www.thearkdb.org/
647 ChickVD Sequence variation in the chicken genome http://chicken.genomics.org.cn/
286 Cre Transgenic Database Cre transgenic mouse lines with links to publications http://www.mshri.on.ca/nagy/
660 DED Database of evolutionary distances http://warta.bio.psu.edu/DED/
27 Ensembl Annotated information on eukaryotic genomes http://www.ensembl.org/
465 FANTOM Functional annotation of mouse full-length cDNA clones http://fantom2.gsc.riken.go.jp
468 FREP Functional repeats in mouse cDNAs http://facts.gsc.riken.go.jp/FREP/
673 GALA Genomic alignment, annotation and experimental results http://gala.cse.psu.edu/
347 GenetPig Genes controlling economic traits in pig http://www.infobiogen.fr/services/Genetpig
605 HomoloGene Automatically detected homologous genes in complete eukaryotic genomes http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=homologene
690 Inparanoid A database of eukaryotic orthologs http://inparanoid.cgb.ki.se/
696 IPI International protein index: non-redundant sets of human, mouse and rat proteins http://www.ebi.ac.uk/IPI
777 KaryotypeDB Karyotype and chromosome information for animal and plant species http://www.nenno.it/karyotypedb/
400 KOG Eukaryotic orthologous groups of proteins http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/COG/new/shokog.cgi
87 Mouse Genome Informatics Formerly mouse genome database http://www.informatics.jax.org/
540 MTID Mouse transposon insertion database http://mouse.ccgb.umn.edu/transposon/
703 NegProt Negative Proteome: a tool for comparison of complete proteomes http://superfly.ucsd.edu/negprot
556 PEDE Pig EST data explorer: full-length cDNAs and ESTs http://pede.gene.staff.or.jp/
665 PhenomicDB Comparison of phenotypes of orthologous genes in human and model organisms http://www.phenomicdb.de/
724 Polymorphix A database of sequence polymorphisms http://pbil.univ-lyon1.fr/polymorphix/query.php
93 Rat Genome Database Rat genetic and genomic data http://rgd.mcw.edu/
625 RatMap Rat genome tools and data http://ratmap.org/
751 TAED The adaptive evolution database: a phylogeny-based tool for comparative genomics http://www.bioinfo.no/tools/TAED
5 TIGR Gene Indices Organism-specific databases of EST and gene sequences http://www.tigr.org/tdb/tgi.shtml
6 UniGene Unified clusters of ESTs and full-length mRNA sequences http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/UniGene/
319 UniSTS Unified view of sequence tagged sites with mapping data http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=unists
783 VEGA Vertebrate genome annotation: a repository for manual annotation of finished vertebrate genome sequences http://vega.sanger.ac.uk/
101 ZFIN Zebrafish information network http://zfin.org/
7.2. Human genome databases, maps and viewers
27 Ensembl Annotated information on eukaryotic genomes http://www.ensembl.org/
404 AluGene Complete Alu map in the human genome http://alugene.tau.ac.il/
349 CroW 21 Human chromosome 21 database http://bioinfo.weizmann.ac.il/crow21/
55 GB4-RH Genebridge4 human radiation hybrid maps http://www.sanger.ac.uk/Software/RHserver/RHserver.shtml
56 GDB Human genes and genomic maps http://www.gdb.org/
57 GenAtlas Human genes, markers and phenotypes http://www.genatlas.org/
350 GeneCards Integrated database of human genes, maps, proteins and diseases http://bioinfo.weizmann.ac.il/cards/
348 GeneLoc Gene location database (formerly UDB—Unified database for human genome mapping) http://genecards.weizmann.ac.il/geneloc/
327 GeneNest Gene indices of human, mouse, zebrafish, etc. http://genenest.molgen.mpg.de/
59 GenMapDB Mapped human BAC clones http://genomics.med.upenn.edu/genmapdb
35 Gene Resource Locator Alignment of ESTs with finished human sequence http://grl.gi.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
324 HOWDY Human organized whole genome database http://www-alis.tokyo.jst.go.jp/HOWDY/
60 HuGeMap Human genome genetic and physical map data http://www.infobiogen.fr/services/Hugemap
77 Human BAC Ends Non-redundant human BAC end sequences http://www.tigr.org/tdb/humgen/bac_end_search/bac_end_intro.html
597 Human Genome Segmental Duplication Database Segmental duplications in the human genome http://projects.tcag.ca/humandup
61 IXDB Physical maps of human chromosome X http://ixdb.mpimg-berlin-dahlem.mpg.de/
697 L1Base Functional annotation and prediction of LINE-1 elements http://line1.molgen.mpg.de/
54 Map Viewer Display of genomic information by chromosomal position http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mapview/
600 MGC Mammalian genome collection: full-length ORFs for human, mouse and rat genes http://mgc.nci.nih.gov/
391 NCBI RefSeq Non-redundant collection of naturally occurring biological molecules http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/RefSeq/
553 ParaDB Paralogy mapping in human genomes http://abi.marseille.inserm.fr/paradb/
62 RHdb Radiation hybrid map data http://www.ebi.ac.uk/RHdb
592 SKY/M-FISH and CGH Fluorescent images of chromosomes and cytogenetic data http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/sky/
4 STACK Sequence tag alignment and consensus knowledgebase http://www.sanbi.ac.za/Dbases.html
596 The Chromosome 7 Annotation Project A comprehensive description of human chromosome 7 http://www.chr7.org/
684 TRBase Tandem repeats in the human genome http://bioinfo.ex.ac.uk/trbase
316 UCSC Genome Browser Genome assemblies and annotation http://genome.ucsc.edu/
7.3. Human proteins
685 H-InvDB Full-length human cDNA clones http://www.h-invitational.jp/
499 HPMR Human plasma membrane receptome: sequences, literature and expression data http://receptome.stanford.edu/
500 HPRD Human protein reference database: domain architecture, post-translational modifications and disease association http://www.hprd.org
37 HUNT Human novel transcripts: annotated full-length cDNAs http://www.hri.co.jp/HUNT
171 HUGE Human unidentified gene-encoded large (>50 kDa) protein and cDNA sequences http://www.kazusa.or.jp/huge
522 LIFEdb Localization, interaction and functions of human proteins http://www.dkfz.de/LIFEdb
312 trome, trEST and trGEN: Databases of predicted human protein sequences ftp://ftp.isrec.isb-sib.ch/pub/databases/
8. Human Genes and Diseases
8.1. General Databases
661 DG-CST Disease gene conserved sequence tags
683 HCAD Human chromosome aberration database: chromosomal breakpoints and affected genes http://www.pdg.cnb.uam.es/UniPub/HCAD/
8 Homophila Drosophila homologs of human disease genes to http://superfly.ucsd.edu/homophila/
548 OMIA Online Mendelian inheritance in animals: a catalog of animal genetic and genomic disorders http://www.angis.org.au/omia
143 OMIM Online Mendelian inheritance in man: a catalog of human genetic and genomic disorders http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=OMIM
550 ORFDB Collection of ORFs that are sold by Invitrogen http://orf.invitrogen.com/
554 PathBase European mutant mice histopathology database: images http://www.pathbase.net/
146 PMD Compilation of protein mutant data http://pmd.ddbj.nig.ac.jp/
358 SOURCE Functional genomics resource for human, mouse and rat http://source.stanford.edu/
8.2. Human Mutations Databases
8.2.1. General polymorphism databases
119 ALFRED Allele frequencies and DNA polymorphisms http://alfred.med.yale.edu/
416 BayGenomics Genes relevant to cardiovascular and pulmonary disease http://baygenomics.ucsf.edu/
654 Cypriot national mutation database Disease mutations in the Cypriot population http://www.goldenhelix.org/cypriot/
655 Database of Genomic Variants Human genomic variants: frequency, segmental duplications and genome assembly gaps http://projects.tcag.ca/variation/
595 dbQSNP Quantification of SNP allele frequencies database http://qsnp.gen.kyushu-u.ac.jp/
127 dbSNP Database of single nucleotide polymorphisms http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/SNP/
669 FESD Functional element SNPs database: SNPs located within promoters, UTRs, etc., of human genes http://combio.kribb.re.kr/ksnp/resd/
496 HGVS Databases A compilation of human mutation databases http://www.hgvs.org/
131 HGVbase Human genome variation database: curated human polymorphisms http://hgvbase.cgb.ki.se/
133 HGMD Human gene mutation database http://www.hgmd.org/
367 IPD Immuno polymorphism database http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ipd
517 JSNP Japanese SNP database http://snp.ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
45 rSNP Guide SNPs in regulatory gene regions http://wwwmgs.bionet.nsc.ru/mgs/systems/rsnp/
344 SNP Consortium database SNP Consortium data http://snp.cshl.org/
626 SNPeffect Phenotypic effects of human coding SNPs http://snpeffect.vib.be/
590 TopoSNP Topographic database of non-synonymous SNPs http://gila.bioengr.uic.edu/snp/toposnp
755 TPMD Taiwan polymorphic microsatellite marker database http://tpmd.nhri.org.tw/
8.2.2. Cancer
122 Atlas of Genetics and Cytogenetics in Oncology and Haematology Cancer-related genes, chromosomal abnormalities in oncology and haematology, and cancer-prone diseases http://www.infobiogen.fr/services/chromcancer/
593 Cancer Chromosomes Cytogenetic, clinical and reference information on cancer-related aberrations http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/entrez/query.fcgi?db=cancerchromosomes
431 CGED Cancer gene expression database http://love2.aist-nara.ac.jp/CGED
651 COSMIC Catalogue of somatic mutations in cancer: sequence data, samples and publications http://www.sanger.ac.uk/perl/CGP/cosmic
126 Germline p53 Mutations Mutations in human tumor and cell line p53 gene http://www.lf2.cuni.cz/win/projects/germline_mut_p53.htm
362 IARC TP53 Database Human TP53 somatic and germline mutations http://www.iarc.fr/p53/
152 MTB Mouse tumor biology database: tumor types, genes, classification, incidence, pathology http://tumor.informatics.jax.org/
709 OncoMine Cancer microarray data by gene or cancer type http://www.oncomine.org/
153 Oral Cancer Gene Database Cellular and molecular data for genes involved in oral cancer http://www.tumor-gene.org/Oral/oral.html
148 RB1 Gene Mutation DB Mutations in the human retinoblastoma (RB1) gene http://www.d-lohmann.de/Rb/
574 RTCGD Mouse retroviral tagged cancer gene database http://rtcgd.ncifcrf.gov/
579 SNP500Cancer Re-sequenced SNPs from 102 reference samples http://snp500cancer.nci.nih.gov
149 SV40 Large T-Antigen Mutants Mutations in SV40 large tumor antigen gene http://supernova.bio.pitt.edu/pipaslab/
155 Tumor Gene Family Databases Cellular, molecular and biological data about genes involved in various cancers http://www.tumor-gene.org/tgdf.html
8.2.3. Gene-, system- or disease-specific
768 ALPSbase Autoimmune lymphoproliferative syndrome database http://research.nhgri.nih.gov/alps/
120 Androgen Receptor Gene Mutations Database Mutations in the androgen receptor gene http://www.mcgill.ca/androgendb/
123 BTKbase Mutation registry for X-linked agammaglobulinemia http://bioinf.uta.fi/BTKbase/
594 CarpeDB Comprehensive database on the genetics of epilepsy http://www.carpedb.ua.edu/
124 CASRDB Calcium-sensing receptor database: CASR mutations causing hypercalcemia and/or hyperparathyroidism http://www.casrdb.mcgill.ca/
125 Cytokine Gene Polymorphism in Human Disease Cytokine gene polymorphism literature database http://bris.ac.uk/pathandmicro/services/GAI/cytokine4.htm
137 Collagen Mutation Database Human type I and type III collagen gene mutations http://www.le.ac.uk/genetics/collagen/
460 ERGDB Estrogen responsive genes database http://research.i2r.a-star.edu.sg/promoter/Ergdb-v11/
164 FUNPEP Low-complexity peptides capable of forming amyloid plaque http://www.cmbi.kun.nl/swift/FUNPEP/gergo/
363 GOLD.db Genomics of lipid-associated disorders database http://gold.tugraz.at
129 GRAP Mutants of G-protein coupled receptors of family A http://tinygrap.uit.no/GRAP/
130 HaemB Factor IX gene mutations, insertions and deletions http://www.kcl.ac.uk/ip/petergreen/haemBdatabase.html
491 HbVar Human hemoglobin variants and thalassemias http://globin.cse.psu.edu/globin/hbvar
680 HAGR Human ageing genomic resources: genes related to ageing in humans and model organisms http://genomics.senescence.info/
134 Human p53/hprt, rodent lacI/lacZ databases Mutations at the human p53 and hprt genes; rodent transgenic lacI and lacZ mutations http://www.ibiblio.org/dnam/mainpage.html
135 Human PAX2 Allelic Variant Database Mutations in human PAX2 gene http://pax2.hgu.mrc.ac.uk/
136 Human PAX6 Allelic Variant Database Mutations in human PAX6 gene http://pax6.hgu.mrc.ac.uk/
506 INFEVERS Hereditary inflammatory disorder and familial mediterranean fever mutation data http://fmf.igh.cnrs.fr/infevers
139 KinMutBase Disease-causing protein kinase mutations http://www.uta.fi/imt/bioinfo/KinMutBase/
523 Lowe Syndrome Mutation Database Mutations causing Lowe oculocerebrorenal syndrome http://research.nhgri.nih.gov/lowe/
142 NCL Mutation Database Polymorphisms in neuronal ceroid lipofuscinoses genes http://www.ucl.ac.uk/ncl/
144 PAHdb Mutations at the phenylalanine hydroxylase locus http://www.mcgill.ca/pahdb/
559 PGDB Prostate and prostatic diseases gene database http://www.ucsf.edu/pgdb/
145 PHEXdb PHEX mutations causing X-linked hypophosphatemia http://www.phexdb.mcgill.ca/
147 PTCH1 Mutation Database Mutations and SNPs found in PTCH1 gene http://www.cybergene.se/PTCH/ptchbase.html
SCAdb Spinocerebellar ataxia candidate gene database http://ymbc.ym.edu.tw/cgi-bin/SCA/list.cgi?display=map
632 T1Dbase A resource for type 1 diabetes research http://t1dbase.org/
752 The Autism Chromosome Rearrangement Database Curated collection of genomic features related to autism http://projects.tcag.ca/autism
753 The Lafora Database Mutations and polymorphisms associated with Lafora progressive myoclonus epilepsy http://projects.tcag.ca/lafora/
9. Microarray Data and other Gene Expression Databases
634 5'SAGE 5'-end serial analysis of gene expression http://5sage.gi.k.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
338 ArrayExpress Public collection of microarray gene expression data http://www.ebi.ac.uk/arrayexpress
11 Axeldb Gene expression in Xenopus laevis http://www.dkfz-heidelberg.de/abt0135/axeldb.htm
12 BodyMap Human and mouse gene expression data http://bodymap.ims.u-tokyo.ac.jp/
417 BGED Brain gene expression database http://love2.aist-nara.ac.jp/BGED
432 CleanEx Expression reference database, linking heterogeneous expression data to facilitate cross-dataset comparisons http://www.cleanex.isb-sib.ch/
657 dbERGEII Database of experimental results on gene expression: genomic alignment, annotation and experimental data http://dberge.cse.psu.edu/menu.html
454 EICO DB Expression-based imprint candidate organiser: a database for discovery of novel imprinted genes http://fantom2.gsc.riken.jp/EICODB/
455 emap Atlas Edinburgh mouse atlas: a digital atlas of mouse embryo development and spatially mapped gene expression http://genex.hgu.mrc.ac.uk/
13 EPConDB Endocrine pancreas consortium database http://www.cbil.upenn.edu/EPConDB
110 EpoDB Genes expressed during human erythropoiesis http://www.cbil.upenn.edu/EpoDB/
14 FlyView Drosophila development and genetics http://pbio07.uni-muenster.de/
326 GeneAnnot Revised annotation of Affymetrix human gene probe sets http://genecards.weizmann.ac.il/geneannot/
325 GeneNote Human genes expression profiles in healthy tissues http://genecards.weizmann.ac.il/genenote/
330 GenePaint Gene expression patterns in the mouse http://www.genepaint.org/Frameset.html
676 GeneTide A transcriptome-focused member of the GeneCards suite http://genecards.weizmann.ac.il/genetide/
481 GeneTrap Expression patterns in an embryonic stem library of gene trap insertions http://www.cmhd.ca/sub/genetrap.asp
603 GEO Gene expression omnibus: gene expression profiles http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/geo/
485 GermOnline Gene expression in mitotic and meiotic cell cycle http://www.germonline.org/
15 GXD Mouse gene expression database http://www.informatics.jax.org/menus/expression_menu.shtml
681 H-ANGEL Human anatomic gene expression library http://www.jbirc.aist.go.jp/hinv/index.jsp
493 HemBase Genes expressed in differentiating human erythroid cells http://hembase.niddk.nih.gov/
23 HugeIndex Expression levels of human genes in normal tissues http://hugeindex.org/
17 Kidney Development Database Kidney development and gene expression http://golgi.ana.ed.ac.uk/kidhome.html
778 LOLA List of lists annotated: a comparison of gene sets identified in different microarray experiments http://www.lola.gwu.edu/
18 MAGEST Ascidian (Halocynthia roretzi) gene expression patterns http://www.genome.ad.jp/magest
699 MAMEP Molecular anatomy of the mouse embryo project: gene expression data on mouse embryos http://mamep.molgen.mpg.de/
339 MEPD Medaka (freshwater fish Oryzias latipes) gene expression pattern database http://www.embl.de/mepd/
19 MethDB DNA methylation data, patterns and profiles http://www.methdb.de/
537 Mouse SAGE SAGE libraries from various mouse tissues and cell lines http://mouse.biomed.cas.cz/sage
541 NASCarrays Nottingham Arabidopsis Stock Centre microarray database http://affymetrix.arabidopsis.info
545 NetAffx Public Affymetrix probesets and annotations http://www.affymetrix.com/
711 Osteo-Promoter Database Genes in osteogenic proliferation and differentiation http://www.opd.tau.ac.il
154 PEDB Prostate expression database: ESTs from prostate tissue and cell type-specific cDNA libraries http://www.pedb.org/
558 PEPR Public expression profiling resource: expression profiles in a variety of diseases and conditions http://microarray.cnmcresearch.org/pgadatatable.asp
21 RECODE Genes using programmed translational recoding in their expression http://recode.genetics.utah.edu/
568 RefExA Reference database for human gene expression analysis http://www.lsbm.org/db/index_e.html
739 rOGED Rat ovarian gene expression database http://web5.mccs.uky.edu/kolab/rogedendo.aspx
712 SAGEmap NCBI's resource for SAGE data from various organisms http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/SAGE
742 SIEGE Smoking Induced Epithelial Gene Expression http://pulm.bumc.bu.edu/siegeDB
22 Stanford Microarray Database Raw and normalized data from microarray experiments http://genome-www.stanford.edu/microarray
24 Tooth Development Database Gene expression in dental tissue http://bite-it.helsinki.fi/
10. Proteomics Resources
606 2D-PAGE Proteome database system for microbial research http://www.mpiib-berlin.mpg.de/2D-PAGE
731 DynaProt 2D Proteome database of Lactococcus lactis http://www.wzw.tum.de/proteomik/lactis/
222 GelBank 2D gel electrophoresis patterns of proteins from complete microbial genomes http://gelbank.anl.gov/
710 Open Proteomics Database Mass-spectrometry-based proteomics data for human, yeast, E.coli and Mycobacterium http://bioinformatics.icmb.utexas.edu/OPD/
377 PEP Predictions for entire proteomes: summarized analyses of protein sequences http://cubic.bioc.columbia.edu/pep/
281 RESID Pre-, co- and post-translational protein modifications http://www-nbrf.georgetown.edu/pirwww/dbinfo/resid.html
225 SWISS-2DPAGE Annotated 2D gel electrophoresis database http://www.expasy.org/ch2d/
11. Other Molecular Biology Databases
11.1. Drugs and drug design
407 ANTIMIC Database of natural antimicrobial peptides http://research.i2r.a-star.edu.sg/Templar/DB/ANTIMIC/
781 AOBase Antisense oligonucleotide selection and design http://www.bio-inf.net/aobase/
408 APD Antimicrobial peptide database http://aps.unmc.edu/AP/main.php
423 BSD Biodegradative strain database: microorganisms that can degrade aromatic and other organic compounds http://bsd.cme.msu.edu/
443 DART Drug adverse reaction target database http://xin.cz3.nus.edu.sg/group/drt/dart.asp
701 MetaRouter Compounds and pathways related to bioremediation http://pdg.cnb.uam.es/MetaRouter/
186 Peptaibol Peptaibol (antibiotic peptide) sequences http://www.cryst.bbk.ac.uk/peptaibol/welcome.html
392 PharmGKB Pharmacogenomics knowledge base: effect of genetic variation on drug responses http://www.pharmgkb.org/
315 TTD Therapeutic target database http://xin.cz3.nus.edu.sg/group/cjttd/ttd.asp
11.2. Probes
505 IMGT/PRIMER-DB Immunogenetics oligonucleotide primer database http://imgt3d.igh.cnrs.fr/PrimerDB/Query_PrDB.pl
296 MPDB Synthetic oligonucleotides useful as primers or probes http://www.biotech.ist.unige.it/interlab/mpdb.html
728 PrimerPCR PCR primers for eukaryotic and prokaryotic genes http://bioinfo.ebc.ee/PrimerStudio/
390 probeBase rRNA-targeted oligonucleotide probe sequences, DNA microarray layouts and associated information http://www.microbial-ecology.net/probebase
736 QPPD Quantitative PCR Primer Database for human and mouse http://web.ncifcrf.gov/rtp/GEL/primerdb/default.asp
356 RTPrimerDB Real-time PCR primer and probe sequences http://medgen.ugent.be/rtprimerdb/
11.3. Unclassified databases
298 PubMed Citations and abstracts of biomedical literature http://pubmed.gov/
256 BioImage Database of multidimensional biological images http://www.bioimage.org/
12. Organelle Databases
74 GOBASE Organelle genome database http://megasun.bch.umontreal.ca/gobase/
547 OGRe Organelle genome retrieval system http://ogre.mcmaster.ca/
601 Organelle genomes NCBI's organelle genome resource http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/genomes/ORGANELLES/organelles.html
722 PLprot Arabidopsis thaliana chloroplast protein database http://www.pb.ipw.biol.ethz.ch/proteomics
713 Organelle DB Organelle proteins and subcellular structures http://organelledb.lsi.umich.edu/
12.1. Mitochondrial Genes and Proteins
637 AMPDB Arabidopsis mitochondrial protein database http://www.mitoz.bcs.uwa.edu.au/AMPDB/
686 HMPD Human mitochondrial protein database http://bioinfo.nist.gov:8080/examples/servlets/index.html
38 HvrBase Primate mitochondrial DNA control region sequences http://www.hvrbase.org/
64 Mitochondriome Metazoan mitochondrial genes http://www.ba.itb.cnr.it/mitochondriome
83 MitoDat Mitochondrial proteins (predominantly human) http://www-lecb.ncifcrf.gov/mitoDat/
226 MitoDrome Nuclear-encoded mitochondrial proteins of Drosophila http://www2.ba.itb.cnr.it/MitoDrome/
84 MitoMap Human mitochondrial genome http://www.mitomap.org/
85 MitoNuc Nuclear genes coding for mitochondrial proteins http://www2.ba.itb.cnr.it/MitoNuc/
86 MITOP2 Mitochondrial proteins, genes and diseases http://ihg.gsf.de/mitop2/start.jsp
531 MitoPD Yeast mitochondrial protein database http://bmerc-www.bu.edu/mito
532 MitoProteome Experimentally described human mitochondrial proteins http://www.mitoproteome.org
538 MPIMP Mitochondrial protein import machinery of plants http://millar3.biochem.uwa.edu.au/~lister/index.html
241 PLMItRNA Plant mitochondrial tRNA http://bighost.area.ba.cnr.it/PLMItRNA/
13. Plant Databases
13.1. General plant databases
599 BarleyBase Expression profiling of plant genomes http://www.barleybase.org/
624 CR-EST Crop ESTs: barley, pea, wheat and potato http://pgrc.ipk-gatersleben.de/cr-est/
67 CropNet Genome mapping in crop plants http://ukcrop.net/
128 FLAGdb++ Integrative database about plant genomes http://genoplante-info.infobiogen.fr/FLAGdb/
351 GénoPlante-Info Plant genomic data from the Génoplante consortium http://genoplante-info.infobiogen.fr/
488 GrainGenes Genes and phenotypes of wheat, barley, rye, triticale, oats http://wheat.pw.usda.gov or http://www.graingenes.org
607 Gramene A resource for comparative grass genomics http://www.gramene.org/
81 Mendel Annotated plant ESTs and STSs http://www.mendel.ac.uk/
581 openSputnik Plant EST clustering and functional annotation http://sputnik.btk.fi
560 PhytoProt Clusters of (predicted) plant proteins http://genoplante-info.infobiogen.fr/phytoprot
721 PlantMarkers A database of predicted molecular markers from plants http://markers.btk.fi/
355 PlantGDB Plant genome database: actively transcribed plant genes http://www.plantgdb.org/
189 PLANT-PIs Plant protease inhibitors http://bighost.area.ba.cnr.it/PLANT-PIs
371 PlantsP/PlantsT Plant proteins involved in phosphorylation and transport http://plantsp.sdsc.edu/
588 TIGR plant repeat database Classification of repetitive sequences in plant genomes http://www.tigr.org/tdb/e2k1/plant.repeats
313 TropGENE DB Genes and genomes of sugarcane, banana, cocoa http://tropgenedb.cirad.fr/
13.2. Arabidopsis thaliana
636 AGNS Arabidopsis GeneNet supplementary: gene expression and phenotypes of mutants and transgens http://emj-pc.ics.uci.edu/mgs/dbases/agns
618 AGRIS Arabidopsis gene regulatory information server: promoters, transcription factors and their target genes http://arabidopsis.med.ohio-state.edu/
780 Arabidopsis MPSS Arabidopsis gene expression detected by massively parallel signature sequencing http://mpss.udel.edu/at/
638 Arabidopsis Nucleolar Protein Database Comparative analysis of human and Arabidopsis nucleolar proteomes http://bioinf.scri.sari.ac.uk/cgi-bin/atnopdb/proteome_comparison
640 ASRP Arabidopsis thaliana small RNA project http://cgrb.orst.edu/smallRNA/db/
412 ARAMEMNON Arabidopsis thaliana membrane proteins and transporters http://aramemnon.botanik.uni-koeln.de/
765 AthaMap Genome-wide map of putative transcription factor binding sites in Arabidopsis thaliana http://www.athamap.de/
427 CATMA Complete Arabidopsis transcriptome microarray http://www.catma.org
656 DATF Database of Arabidopsis transcription factors http://datf.cbi.pku.edu.cn/
672 GabiPD Central database of the German Plant Genome Project http://gabi.rzpd.de/
675 GeneFarm Expert annotation of Arabidopsis gene and protein families http://genoplante-info.infobiogen.fr/Genefarm/
527 MAtDB MIPS Arabidopsis thaliana database http://mips.gsf.de/proj/thal/db
738 RARGE RIKEN Arabidopsis genome encyclopedia: cDNAs, mutants and microarray data http://rarge.gsc.riken.jp/
578 SeedGenes Genes essential for Arabidopsis development http://www.seedgenes.org/
97 TAIR The Arabidopsis information resource http://www.arabidopsis.org/
627 WAtDB Wageningen Arabidopsis thaliana database: mutants, transgenic lines and natural variants http://www.watdb.nl/
13.3. Rice
418 BGI-RISe Beijing genomics institute rice information system http://rise.genomics.org.cn/
79 INE Integrated rice genome explorer http://rgp.dna.affrc.go.jp/giot/INE.html
353 IRIS International rice information system http://www.iris.irri.org/
536 MOsDB MIPS Oryza sativa database http://mips.gsf.de/proj/plant/jsf/rice/index.jsp
90 Oryzabase Rice genetics and genomics http://www.shigen.nig.ac.jp/rice/oryzabase/
628 Oryza Tag Line database T-DNA insertion mutants of rice http://genoplante-info.infobiogen.fr/OryzaTagLine/
737 RAD Rice annotation database http://golgi.gs.dna.affrc.go.jp/SY-1102/rad/index.html
336 RiceGAAS Rice genome automated annotation system http://ricegaas.dna.affrc.go.jp/
569 Rice PIPELINE Unification tool for rice databases http://cdna01.dna.affrc.go.jp/PIPE
572 Rice proteome database Rice proteome database http://gene64.dna.affrc.go.jp/RPD/main_en.html
13.4. Other plants
610 Brassica ASTRA A database for Brassica genomic research http://hornbill.cspp.latrobe.edu.au/cgi-binpub/index.pl
526 MaizeGDB Maize genetics and genomics database http://www.maizegdb.org/
80 LIS (formerly MGI) Legume information server (formerly Medicago genome initiative): ESTs, gene expression and proteomic data http://www.comparative-legumes.org/
539 MtDB Medicago trunculata genome database http://www.medicago.org/MtDB
620 PoMaMo Potato Maps and More: Potato genome data https://gabi.rzpd.de/PoMaMo.html
766 SGMD Soybean genomics and microarray database http://psi081.ba.ars.usda.gov/SGMD/default.htm
14. Immunological Databases
642 BCIpep A database of B-cell epitopes http://bioinformatics.uams.edu/mirror/bcipep/
604 dbMHC Genetic and clinical database of the human MHC http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/mhc/
150 FIMM Functional molecular immunology data http://research.i2r.a-star.edu.sg/fimm
682 Haptendb Curated database of hapten molecules http://www.imtech.res.in/raghava/haptendb/
779 HLA Ligand/Motif A database and search tool for HLA sequences http://hlaligand.ouhsc.edu/
501 IL2Rgbase X-linked severe combined immunodeficiency mutations http://research.nhgri.nih.gov/scid/
172 IMGT International immunogenetics information system: immunoglobulins, T cell receptors, MHC and RPI http://imgt.cines.fr/
503 IMGT/Gene-DB Vertebrate immunoglobulin and T cell receptor genes http://imgt.cines.fr/cgi-bin/GENElect.jv
173 IMGT/HLA Polymorphism of human MHC and related genes http://www.ebi.ac.uk/imgt/hla/
504 IMGT/LIGM-DB Immunoglobulin, T cell receptor and MHC nucleotide sequences from human and other vertebrates http://imgt.cines.fr/cgi-bin/IMGTlect.jv
16 Interferon Stimulated Gene Database Genes induced by treatment with interferons http://www.lerner.ccf.org/labs/williams/xchip-html.cgi
692 IPD-ESTDAB Immunologically characterized melanoma cell lines http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ipd/estdab/
693 IPD-HPA Immuno polymorphism of human platelet antigens http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ipd/hpa/
694 IPD-KIR Immuno polymorphism of killer-cell Ig-like receptors http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ipd/kir/
691 IPD-MHC Sequences of the major histocompatibility complex http://www.ebi.ac.uk/ipd/mhc/
361 JenPep Quantitative binding data for immunological protein–peptide interactions http://www.jenner.ac.uk/Jenpep
702 MHCBN A database of MHC binding and non-binding peptides http://www.imtech.res.in/raghava/mhcbn/
181 MHCPEP MHC-binding peptides http://wehih.wehi.edu.au/mhcpep/
107 MPID MHC—peptide interaction database http://surya.bic.nus.edu.sg/mpid
621 VBASE2 Variable genes from the Ig loci of human and mouse http://www.vbase2.org

a Each database is shown in the list only once, often in a category that was arbitrarily chosen among two or three appropriate ones. In the online version of this list at the NAR website (http://nar.oupjournals.org/), a database can be listed under two categories.

b Accession number of the database in the online list; can be used to view the database summary, e.g. http://www3.oup.co.uk/nar/database/summary/1 shows the summary for DDBJ.